Beginner’s Guide To Different Types Of Coffee

November 21, 2017

Worldwide we consume about 150 million bags of coffee a year, that's almost 10 million tons.

Coffee is a great beverage prepared from the seeds of Coffea plant. Different people will invariably drink different types of coffee and for different reasons. 


You probably know someone whose morning routine includes a tiny cup of espresso, drunk solely for caffeinating purposes. On the other hand, you may also know someone whose idea of a lovely morning is sitting down with a tall, foamy latte and thoroughly enjoying every sip of it. The point is, there are a lot of options to pick from when it comes to coffee! And if you want to know more about them, you’ve come to the right place.


Don't know what type of coffee to ask for? Brush up on your coffee knowledge here.


Italian coffees

While coffee originated from Arabia, a lot of modern coffee and the culture surrounding it has generally been attributed to Italy, so it’s no surprise that some of the most popular coffees are Italian inventions! Let’s first have a look at the most well-known Italian coffees.



The premise seems simple; use high pressure to shoot hot water through ground coffee beans, and pour the resulting brew into a dainty little cup. However, espresso isn’t quite as simple as that, as any barista will tell you. A lot of people tend to regard espresso as a simple or even dull coffee order, but that doesn’t do it justice at all. Espresso is the purest and most refined coffee experience you are likely to have, and it is hands-down the best way to try different blends or single origins in order to discern the flavors and nuances of each.


Café Latte (or Café au lait)

A popular option for coffee drinkers – and good entry point for someone who isn’t a fan of the bitterness of coffee – a latte consists of espresso (one shot or several) with steamed milk poured over it; the milk is steamed to the point where it becomes quite foamy and frothy. If you ever travel to Italy and fancy a coffee, make sure that you order a cafe latte. The word ‘latte’ is Italian for milk, so simply asking for a latte may result in you being served a glass of milk.



A strong contender for most popular coffee order in the world, a cappuccino is a three-layered beverage; it’s like a cake! The first layer is espresso, followed by a shot of steamed milk, and then finished up with a layer of frothed, foamy milk. The drink is usually then topped with chocolate shavings or powder, making it another good starting point for those new to coffee. This, along with cafe lattes, is considered breakfast drinks in Italy, where only espressos and other black coffees are consumed past ten or so in the morning.


Piccolo latte

Kind of like a latte, but without all the milk and much, much smaller. A piccolo latte is simply a shot of espresso with a small amount of foamed milk gently poured on top. It’s a good option if you’re feeling a bit full, or for those who want more coffee than milk but can’t stand the bitterness of straight espresso.



A Vienna is made by adding two shots of espresso together, and then topping them off with whipped cream; the cream acting as a substitute for both milk and sugar. It’s meant to be a sharp juxtaposition between the strong, bitter flavors of espresso and the smooth and luxe flavor of cream. We can’t tell if it sounds incredible or horrific. Maybe both?



Forget what we said earlier about lattes and cappuccinos being good entry points for people who don’t drink coffee; this is THE entry point. The mocha is essentially a latte with chocolate powder or syrup added, making it chocolatey and a little thicker, but still with an underlying coffee taste. Living in the gray area between the babycino and the latte, we recommend this for your friend who doesn’t like coffee that much but wants to give it a go regardless.



The affogato is the peak of sugary-sweet, only-kinda-coffee creations. It’s simply espresso poured over ice cream or gelato, and it sounds absolutely delicious.

Every aspiring barista should know this above coffee types. Barista job is more than just coffee!


If you want to be a barista chef, the candidate must be required a special degree is culinary arts.

  1. Dual Bachelor’s Degree in Culinary Arts

  2. Master of International Business in Culinary Management

  3. Specialisation in Swiss Pastry & Chocolate Arts  at Culinary Arts Academy



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